Top 10 Facts About Human Trafficking in Africa There are 9.2 million Africans that are victims of modern slavery as of 2016, accounting for 23 percent of total global modern slavery. With millions of people already trapped in modern slavery and millions more at risk, it is imperative that Africa takes action to fight human trafficking. The purpose of trafficking that is always exploitation such as sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs. This factsheet provides an overview of the reality of human trafficking in Southern Africa and endeavours to separate myth from fact. Human Trafficking Tier Placements, Africa. It is no accident that the two take on similar attributes in terms of root causes and methods. Human Trafficking in Africa By Tom Obokata Edited by Charles C. Jalloh , Florida International University , Kamari M. Clarke , University of California, Los Angeles , Vincent O. Nmehielle However, no African country was placed among the best (Tier 1) countries whose governments fully meet the Trafficking Victims Protection Act’s ( … world today is human trafficking. Sex work refers to the practice of engaging in sexual activities for reward. The Act employs a wider definition of trafficking than that of the UN. Get a weekly dose of facts, straight to your inbox. Twenty-two African countries fall under Tier 2 that acknowledges that significant efforts are being made towards improvement and 19 other countries fall under Tier 2’s watch list, indicating that not enough progress has been made in the country. Trafficking, on the other hand, refers to the movement of people, against their will, for purposes of exploitation that may include sexual exploitation. Essay on The Devastating Effects of Human Trafficking in South Africa 889 Words | 4 Pages. The forms of human trafficking found in South Africa include sex trafficking, child labour, domestic servitude, organ smuggling, child-brides (ukuthwala), illegal child adoptions, debt-bondage, forced surrogacy, and the use of body parts for muti. At present there is no systematic research available that provides comprehensive insight into the prevalence or patterns of trafficking into or out of South Africa or the Southern African region. Migrant workers entering South Africa in the hope of finding work are easy targets for human traffickers. Human smuggling and trafficking in persons are major concerns across Africa, with nearly all countries qualifying as source, transit, and/or destination countries. While some of these countries are suppliers of trafficked children, others are receivers, and others are transit countries. The country’s legal position on human trafficking is set out in the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Act 2013. have been various push factors responsible for human trafficking in Nigeria and G hana; high trafficking zones in Africa. Edited by Charles C. Jalloh, Florida International University, Kamari M. Clarke, University of California, Los Angeles, Vincent O. Nmehielle. One of the regions worst affected by sex trafficking, particularly involving children, is Africa. We shudder at the word. According to the Act, a person is guilty of trafficking if he or she delivers, recruits, transports, transfers, harbours, sells, exchanges, leases or receives another person within or across the borders of the Republic for the purposes of exploitation. Annually, about 600,000-800,000 people are trafficked across international borders, mostly consisting of women and children. Are 30,000 children really trafficked in South Africa every year? Human trafficking includes forms such as pornography, the marriage of convenience, forced marriage, sex tourism, and forced labour and illegal adoption. No African country completely complies with the Trafficking Victims Protection Act’s (TVPA), minimum standards for fighting human trafficking. East Africa involved a far larger proportion of adults who were trafficked, while Southern Africa involved more women. Human trafficking has been in existence from time immemorial, and South Africa presents the ideal climate for the crime to continue flourishing. This may encompass providing a spouse in the context of forced marriage, or the extraction of organs or tissues, including for surrogacy and ova removal. Moral panic, human trafficking and the 2010 Soccer World Cup by Chandre Gould. The IOM has been assisting victims of trafficking since 1994 and has projects in 85 countries. London Metropolitan Police investigated, The Department of Justice and Constitutional Development, An IOM database shows that the organisation. Facilitating a cooperative relationship between sex workers and authorities, such as the police and social services, could therefore assist in detecting the perpetrators and victims of trafficking. Indeed, in Africa, it is a major challenge just to gather and interpret data on the victims, the children being traded. This chapter explores the nature, extent and mystification of human trafficking in Africa. There. Other forms of exploitation that are often regarded as trafficking, such as forced labour, bonded labour, debt bondage, child soldiers and involuntary domestic servitude, have not received much research or media interest in South Africa. There are many causes for the trafficking, but the cause above all is poverty, which is connected to both supply and demand. Worldwide, almost 20% of all the human trafficking victims are children. Child trafficking is ‘far more commonly detected in West Africa than in the rest of Sub-Saharan Africa,' according to the reports. How is human trafficking defined in South Africa? Considering the limited evidence of human trafficking in South Africa, the attention the issue receives in policy prioritisation and media reporting appears disproportionate. Human trafficking is the trade of humans for the purpose of forced labour, sexual slavery, or commercial sexual exploitation for the trafficker or others. Human Trafficking in Africa. Human trafficking remains a significant problem in Africa, exploiting vulnerable individuals—children, women, and men—for forced labor as well as prostitution. Exploring the relevance of the notion of human trafficking to describe the lived experience of sex workers in Cape Town, South Africa. Some countries are both suppliers and receivers. 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