The primary production area is located between 300 and 1000 mm yr –1 isohyet, … It originated and was domesticated in Southern Africa and was later moved to East and West Africa and Asia. Nigeria is the largest producer and consumer of cowpea with about 5 million ha and over 2 million t production during 2003. opportunities for earning regular income. [ 2 ] who reported the area under legume in some parts of Makueni County ranged from 1.1 to 1.5 ha. In South Africa cowpeas are produced in the North West, Limpopo, KwaZulu-Natal and Mpumalanga provinces. PRODUCTION LEVELS South Africa A large producer of cowpeas is small-scale farmers under dryland farming condi-tions. Field experiments were conducted at the Agricultural Research Council–Roodeplaat Vegetable and Ornamental Plant Institute in South Africa, in 2011 and 2012, to estimate the level of phenotypic variability among a collection of 25 cowpea genotypes. However, the crop growth and production are affected by low soil fertility due to poor soil management practices. The grain provides valuable protein and the leaves are used as a nutritious vegetable. Ghana plans to release GM cowpea sometime this year or next, which would make it the third sub-Saharan African country after South Africa and Nigeria to approve local production and sale of GM food. The leaves can be dried and used as a meat substitute. In South Africa cowpeas are produced in the North West, Limpopo, KwaZulu-Natal and Mpumalanga provinces. Cowpeas are also planted as animal feed - such as hay production and to make silage. Eating Cowpeas Cowpeas can be cooked or either steamed after soaking in water overnight. FAO (FAO Code: 0195 - Cow peas, dry) Production. Cowpea seed set aside for sowing or planting Cowpeas can be planted as an intercrop or in rotation and can tolerate drought. Exact figures for cowpea production are hard to come up with as it is not a major export crop. Cowpeas are high in iron (Fe), potassium (P), vitamin B9, it is rich in fiber, protein (up to 24%), low in fat and high in various amino acids. Depending on the variety used, cowpeas may be climbing and erect (such as Dr Saunders) or creeping (such as Bechuana White). Millions of african farmers grow cowpea, some two hundred million africans consume cowpea, many, maybe a majority of these … especially for Africa, than cowpea,” says Christian Fatokun (IITA 2010). (2000) and Kyamanywa (1996) all reported that thrips are one of the yield limiting pests to cowpea production. With the ability to farm, African people began to develop booming societies. Hunter-gatherers of the time saw potential in the humble pulse and turned their efforts to making the cowpea one of Africa’s first domesticated crops. The green seeds are sometimes roasted like peanuts and these are then used as a substitute for coffee. It is important because it serves as a source of nutrients for human and as fodder for animals and its ability to fix atmospheric nitrogen enhances soil fertility. The aim of this study was to evaluate 97 newly introduced cowpea germplasm for adaptation and yield parameters. Cowpeas are cultivated predominantly in Africa and are grown for food, fodder and green manure.Cowpea production has expanded in the world over the past decades ().In 2017, over 87% of the crop was produced in Africa ().In South America, Brazil showed a recent increase in cowpea cultivation, placing the country in third place in terms of global area and production. For example, Amatobi (1994), Karungi at al. Cowpea is attacked by various Insect pests, during different phases of its lifecycle even down to storage. Most cowpeas are grown on the African continent, particularly in Nigeria and Niger, which account for 66% of world cowpea production. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata), is a food and animal feed crop grown in the semi-arid tropics covering Africa, Asia, Europe, United States and Central and South America. is a protein-rich bean crop that leaves nitrogen in the soil and
Silage is preserved animals feeds, ideal for use during droughts. Please enable scripts and reload this page. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp) is a legume crop widely grown in West Africa, where the regional cowpea production accounts for more than 80 % of the global cowpea production.Famers traditionally cultivate cowpea as a low-cost and high-quality protein source and as a major cash crop. (IPM CRSP, 2000). Common names: Arikaans: akkerboon, swartbekboon, boontjie, koertjie, dopboontjie; English: cowpea, bachapin bean, black-eye bean or pea, catjang, china pea, cowgram, southern pea; Sepedi: dinawa (plural), monawa, nawa; Shangaan: dinaba, munaoa, tinyawa; Setswana: dinawa, nawa-ea-setswana; Tshivenda: munawa (plant), nawa (fruit); isiZulu: imbumba, indumba, isihlumaya. West and Central Africa are the leading cowpea producing regions in the world producing 64% of the estimated 3 million tons of cowpea seed. It is estimated that the annual world cowpea crop is about 12,5 million ha of which the total grain production (for food) is 3 million tons. It originated in Southern Africa and the cultivated form was domesticated in West Africa. the aboveground plant parts of
the aboveground plant parts of cowpea, except the pods, are utilized for animal fodder. Cowpea, popularly known as blackeye pea, is an important grain legume in South Africa and many parts of Sub-Saharan Africa. The objective of this study was to evaluate cowpea collections using agronomic traits to select promising parents to develop breeding population. therefore has a beneficial effect on the follow-up crop. Although the centre of domestication for cowpea is uncertain, all evidence points to its originating in Africa. History in Africa Thousands of years ago, the cowpea grew wild across Africa. It originated and was domesticated in Southern Africa and was later moved to East and West Africa and Asia. 7. About one kilogram cowpeas is a full meal. Cowpeas can be planted for hay production and the hay can be sold. In East Africa, cultivated cowpeas are a source of vegetables and grains for human consumption. It is a protein-rich bean crop which leaves nitrogen in the soil so it benefits the follow-up crop. Singh, a visiting scholar and cowpea breeder with the Texas A&M soil and crop sciences department in College Station. It is then left to ferment. In Australia and Asia cowpeas are primarily planted for fodder but also as a cover crop or as green manure to enrich the soil with nitrogen and nitrogen-fixing microbes. Twenty-two cowpea genotypes were field evaluated using a randomised complete block design with three replications in two locations in South Africa. This is consistent with findings of other authors elsewhere in Africa. South Africa Online (Pty) Ltd. SouthAfrica.co.za. The cowpeas that have been utilized across the region include both the landraces and improved varieties (Mamiro, 2011). Its production Cowpea is a food and animal feed crop grown in the semi-arid tropics covering Africa, Asia, Europe, the United States, and Central and South America. Small-scale farmers grow cowpea intercropped with maize, millet, sorghum, sugar cane and cotton. 200 million people in Africa consume cowpea. It is the most planted native legume in sub-Saharan Africa … Silage can be made by mixing the green leaves with sorghum or maize. Cowpeas
Estimating world cowpea production is rather difficult, as it is usually grown in a mixture with other crops, but accor… The ground dried seeds is often mixed with onions and spices and fried in oil. Nigeria is the world’s leading cowpea producing country, followed by Brazil. Important producers in Southern Africa are Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe. Others believe that it originated from Southern Africa. The trading of
The climbing type is better suited for forage or as cover crop. Cowpea, popularly known as blackeye pea, is an important grain legume in South Africa and many parts of Sub-Saharan Africa. Similar findings were reported by Kimiti et al. the cowpea production areas of South Africa mainly Lim-popo, Kwazulu-Natal and Mpumalanga provinces. (Shangaan), imbumba (Zulu), monawa or nawa (Pedi) and dinawa (Tswana).Cowpeas
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